Prostate Tumours only affect men and occur in the prostate gland which produces the seminal fluid in men; it is a walnut shaped, small gland just below the bladder and is considered an important organ in the male reproductive system. Although it affects only one in a million, it is still considered deadly. Its growth speed may vary from patient to patient, but once it starts growing rapidly, it may spread to the bones and lymph nodes as well. It is mostly observed in males over 50 years old but can also happen due to over consumption of processed or red meat.
All kinds of tumours are generally divided into two wide categories, namely, malignant (cancerous) and benign (non-cancerous). When the growth of the prostate tumour is slow or constant, it is usually considered benign and immediate Treatment is not required. But if the tumour is a fast growing and a spreading one, it is malignant and needs immediate medical attention.
Prostate Cancer is generally diagnosed by a biopsy of the male reproductive region, and further medical imaging confirms it. However, Prostate Cancer Screening using PSA, that is, Prostate specific antigen is considered controversial as it has the risks of overdose and over treatment.
Many of the Prostate Cancer treatments just involve waiting and watching, but if it is a very serious case, methods such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy are used to curb it.
Although, initially it shows no sign or symptom. One can start experiencing excruciating pain while urinating, and in the later stage, it could also lead to bleeding via urinating in severe cases. Pain in the back or in the pelvic region are also symptoms of prostate cancer. One should get a complete body check up done, at least once a year to detect such tumours.
Mr. Saroj Prasad Choudhary
Ms. Sarika Rana
Mr Deepak Gupta
Nancy Chepkoech Rono
Ms. Stieff Kierulf