Intracranial Neoplasm or popularly known as brain tumour can be defined as an abnormal or unusual growth of cells in the brain. It can be caused by various factors, although a case of a brain tumour is very rare, almost one in a million. It could be an instance of inherited neurofibromatosis or over exposure to vinyl chloride. Brain tumours have also known to be caused by prolonged contact with Ionising Radiation which can cause uncontrolled growth and mutation of cells. Additionally, Epstein-Barr viruses can cause tumours in the brain too. What actually causes a tumour in the brain is still a huge question mark for doctors and researchers alike.
Brain Tumours, as a matter of fact, are widely classified into two distinguished categories- Malignant or Cancerous and Benign or Non-Cancerous. The benign ones are easily treated and do not pose an immediate threat to life. Whereas, the malignant ones need to be treated as early as possible so as to avoid its spreading to other parts of the brain or the body. Malignant tumoursare further divided into primary (which start from the brain) and secondary tumours (or metastasis tumours- ones which spread from somewhere else to the brain).
The symptoms could range from anywhere between minor headaches to severe coordination problems depending on where and how large the brain tumour is. Vertigo, dizziness, loss of body balance, fatigue, walking and other movement disabilities are the most general of all the symptoms. Further advanced symptoms may include slurred speech, confusion, memory loss, blurred vision, change in personality, change in behavior, sleepiness, etc.
The best way to detect a brain tumor at its early stages is to have regular complete body checkups (at least once a year; as recommended by experts)and to watch out for any of the above-mentioned symptoms. Certainself-examination procedures made available by experts, which can aid you in the determination are also easilyavailable. A CT or a PET-CT (Positron emission tomography) is a much surer way of diagnosis.
Mr. Saroj Prasad Choudhary
Ms. Sarika Rana
Mr Deepak Gupta
Nancy Chepkoech Rono
Ms. Stieff Kierulf