Blepharoplasty is a plastic surgical method to correct defects, deformities and, disfiguration of the eyelids; and to aesthetically modify the eye region of the face. Blepharoplasty procedure is done to resolve the functional and cosmetic problems of the periorbita: the area from the upper portion of the cheek to the eyebrow. The procedure is more common among women, accounting for 85% of the procedures in 2014 in the US and 88% in the UK.
The operative goals of this procedure are the restoration of the correct functioning of the affected eyelids, and the aesthetics of the eye region of the face. These goals are achieved by removing excess skin from the eyelids, smoothening the underlying eye muscles, tightening the supporting muscles, and resecting and redraping the additional fat in the retroseptal area of the eye, for producing asmooth anatomic transition from the lower eyelid to the cheek.
In an eye surgery procedure, modifying the periosteal coverings of the facial bones that form the orbit can help achieve the usual correction and modification of the upper and lower eyelids, the surrounding supportive tissues of the eyebrows, the upper nasal bridge and the upper portion of the cheeks.
A thorough pre-operative medical test along with a health background check and surgical history is conducted to determine if the patient can safely undergo a blepharoplasty procedure to feasibly resolve the indications presented by the patient.
Laser blepharoplasty enlists the help of a laser in the surgical method of correction and modification of functional and aesthetical properties of the eye region, instead of a scalpel. It is often performed in conjunction and combined as one with laser eyelid rejuvenation for better results.