Kidney Transplant

A kidney transplant is the last resort in case of a patient suffering from final-stage renal disease. A patient whose kidney has failed to work has two choices: dialysis or akidney transplant. But usually, if a compatible donor kidney is available, it is recommended that one undergoes a kidney transplant. The kidney to be transplanted can be either from a deceased donor or a living donor. The kidney received from the living donor is further classified as genetically related or no related. A lot of paperwork is involved in organ donations such as the kidney transplant.

The Procedure
First and foremost,the organ that is to be transplanted is checked for compatibility with the receiver. A series of tests are undertakenin order to confirm the safe transplant.Generally,in order to reduce the rate of surgical morbidity, the kidney which is defective is not replaced but the new kidney received is placed in another location and a different blood supply. The new kidney is usually placed just above the hip bone. The existing blood vessels are then connected to the new kidney. The patient’s immunity is compromised before the kidney transplant in order to prevent rejection of the new kidney by the body’s immune system.

Recovery Post the Operation
In most of the cases, the transplanted kidney starts producing urine right after the connection between the ureter of the new kidney is made with the bladder. The quality of the kidney determines the recovery period. In thecase of a living donor kidney which is in good condition, it takes about 3 days to reach normalcy while a cadaveric kidney will take about two weeks to function normally. The diet also plays an important role post the transplant. Foods that interact and affect the medications given during transplantation should be avoided. One must also take care of the complications if any. Complications like Organ rejection, infection and sepsis need to be taken care of after the transplant is done.

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