The Heart is one of the most vital organs of the human body. It is the main part of the circulatory system and pumps blood throughout the body. Any defect in the heart can prove to be catastrophic. But now with the advancement of medical science, it is possible to treat such life taking conditions. A lot of factors affect the health of the heart; diet and physical activity are the major factors. Genetics also is a factor involved in cases of heart diseases.
In case of a severe cardiac failure, the only option left is Heart Transplant which is also known as Cardiac Transplant
The Procedures involved in a Heart Transplant
A number of preparative procedures are involvedin order to carry out a successful heart transplant. The heart is taken from a recently deceased person or a brain dead person. The brain dead person is also known as a beating heart cadaver. The patient receiving the heart has to undergo a series of tests which also involves a psychological test in order to check if the patient is ready to undergo the procedure. The patient’s immunity has to be compromised so that the receivers’ immune system does not reject the new heart. The patient is then operated on and fitted with the new heart. Depending on the condition of the patient and the donated heart the process involved is either an orthotopic one or a heterotopic procedure.
Recovery After The Transplant
The patient is given immunosuppressants for a definitiveperiodafter which the patient and his/her new heart become stable. A lot of complications may occur after the operations which include sepsis, organ rejection and also the side effects of the immunosuppressant drugs. Hence utmost care must be taken in order to minimize these complications.