Intracranial hemorrhage occurs when there is internal bleeding in theskull (cranium). Hemorrhages inside the brain occur suddenly and can cause damage in thebrain or can take away life too. When intracranial hemorrhage occurs, it pools the blood and hence the brain is unable to receive the blood through blood vessels connected to it and hence causing pressure in thebrain. Whenever a stroke or hemorrhage or stroke occurs, it stops the supply of oxygen to the brain. Thus, all the brain cells starts dying one by one and further the nerve cells and all the functions performed with it also stops. Generally, this happens in thecase of old adults only, but it may happen with people with all kinds of age.
Causes of Intracranial Hemorrhage
Some of the major causes of Intracranial hemorrhage are head injuries by car accidents, sports, fall, blood clots creating blockage in artery of brain, alcohol, drugs and smoking or leaking of arteries and veins or bleeding in tumors.
Effects of Intracranial Hemorrhage
Some of the major effects of intracranial hemorrhage are memory loss, change in personality, difficulty in speaking, loss of eyesight or paralysis. Weakness and difficulty in moving body parts and difficulty in chewing or swallowing are some other effects. Intracranial hemorrhage is detected after detection of physical symptoms, CT scan or MRI. Some of the other tests through which it is examined are aCerebrospinal fluid exam, Electrocardiogram, and angiography.
Some of the important symptoms of Intracranial Hemorrhage includes difficulty in understanding reading or loosing body coordination, eyesight loss. Difficulty in chewing and sudden numbness, tingling in body parts are some other symptoms.
It can be cured by surgery, anti-anxiety pills, anti-epileptic drugs and proper nutrition. Its long-term treatment involves speech therapy, physical therapy, occupational therapy and some other changes in the way of living.
For people who remains in acoma or remains paralyzed after suffering from Intracranial Hemorrhage needs extra-long term nursing home care .