Cranioplasty is a surgical repair of the damage caused in skull due to previous defects caused by surgery. There are many kinds of cranioplasties, but most of them have features like skull lifting or improving the contour of theskull. The contour of the skullis improved by making contour grafts of materials like synthetic bone substitute, acrylic, and titanium
The surgery performed is done by a highly professional surgeon, since thebrain is a sensitive part of ahuman. It improves the symmetry and shape of the head. The bone graft is used to improve the shape of theskull; graftis derived from ribs, pelvis or part of an adjacent skull. It can be used for neurological improvement and cosmetic surgery.
It is famous since the16th century and is derived from precious metals. Initially, metals were used, but now plastics are used. Methyl methacrylate is used nowadays used in cranioplasty.
- Abnormalities that leads to Cranioplasty - Following are the abnormalities, that makes it necessary for a person to perform Cranioplasty are: as the brain grows, skull fails to grow, closing of cranial sutures, hole in head and hereditary conditions that makes children grow with defect in brain.
Surgery is performed for two hours and patient is given anesthesia till the surgery is done. Following are the risks involved in cranioplasty like death, brain injury, stroke, infections, inflammations, etc. Specialization in cranioplasty is performed in countries like India, Mexico, Costa Rico, Thailand, and Jordan. It is highly effective for people having deformity since ayoung age.
- Precautions while Cranioplasty - It takes 6 weeks to heal, therefore following precautions should be taken after cranioplasty are no oiling or scrubbing should be done by patients. Patients are discharged only after they can intake regular diet properly. Any change in patient’s behavior or vomiting observed should be reported to doctor and wearing of ahelmet is recommended.